CURRENT CONTRACTION SURPASSES “GREAT RECESSION”

By Consumer Metrics Institute

On October 20, 2010 the aggregate severity of the 2010 contraction in consumer demand surpassed the similar measure of economic pain experienced during the “Great Recession.” And a glance at our “Contraction Watch” tells us that the pain is not about to end anytime soon:

Chart
(Click on chart for fuller resolution)

In the above chart, the day-by-day courses of the 2008 and 2010 contractions are plotted in a superimposed manner, with the plots aligned on the left margin at the first day during each event that our Daily Growth Index went negative. The plots then progress day-by-day to the right, tracing out the changes in the daily rate of contraction in consumer demand for the two events.

The true severity of any contraction event is the area between the “zero” axis in the above chart and the line being traced out by the daily contraction values. By that measure the “Great Recession of 2008″ had a total of 793 percentage-days of contraction over the course of 221 days, whereas the current 2010 contraction has reached 820 percentage-days over the course of 282 days — without yet clearly forming a bottom. The damage to the economy is already 3% worse than in 2008, and the 2010 contraction has lasted 28% longer than the entire 2008 event without yet starting to recover.

We have constructed a new chart to assist in the visualization of the “percentage-days” severity of the two contraction events:

Chart
(Click on chart for fuller resolution)

In the above chart the red vertical bar represents the -793 percentage-days of contraction in consumer demand that we measured in 2008. The blue vertical bar represents the same measure (to date) for the 2010 event. But since the 2010 event is not yet over, we have projected the eventual full extent of the 2010 event with the purple vertical bar. That projection is an average of several recovery scenarios, all of which conservatively assume that the bottom has already been reached.

Meanwhile, we are left to wonder if a bottom as been forming in the current contraction. A detailed view of our Daily Growth Index over the past 60 days could be viewed as either encouraging or simply “more of the same,” depending on your state of mind:

Chart
(Click on chart for fuller resolution)

It is important to remember that our Daily Growth Index is a moving 91-day “trailing quarter” average for our Weighted Composite Index (converted from a nominal base-100 index into a year-over-year percentage change). As such it responds to the values of both the newest day’s Weighted Composite Index (just entering the 91-day average for the first time) and the 92nd day back — which has just fallen out of the average. The current values of the Weighted Composite Index are in the -5% to -7% range, whereas the oldest days falling out of the average reflect a weaker period in late July when the Weighted Composite Index was in the -6% to -9% range. Even if current consumer demand remains relatively constant we should expect the trailing 91-day “trailing quarter” to improve slightly from recent record lows over the next 30 days. But we are unlikely to see significant improvements until the current values of the Weighted Composite Index move substantially above the zone between 94 and 96 — which we consider unlikely until after the mid-term elections (see our comments on the impact of Political “FUD” for why we consider that unlikely).


From time to time we have been asked whether we consider the current contraction in consumer demand to be the second “dip” in a “double dip” recession. From a qualitative perspective, we believe that the “Great Recession” is not so much a “double-dip” as a single “big-scoop” that changed character somewhere in the middle. We understand that the NBER says that the recession ended in June 2009. However quantitatively/technically correct that may be by NBER standards, by “Main Street” gut-feeling standards the NBER assertion is somewhere between questionable and ludicrous, depending on the personal circumstances of the observer.

Our data indicates that the consumer portion of the “Great Recession” unfolded (and is still unfolding) along these lines:

► The recession most likely started with a drop in consumer confidence, triggered by bad financial news (Bear Stearns, Lehman Brothers, etc.) and media coverage of the “Housing Crisis”/sub-prime loans.

► The initial recessionary downturn was accelerated by political uncertainties in 2008 and rising energy prices.

► An organic recovery started late in 2008 when energy prices collapsed, lasting well into 2009 with help from short term stimuli (“Cash for Clunkers” and the Federal New Home Tax Credit).

► During 2009 (and now deeply into 2010) a ruthless corporate obsession with short term earnings exacerbated the already weak employment picture, even as equity markets recovered.

► By late summer 2009 consumers realized that this was not a “garden variety” recession, as unemployment persisted and fixed incomes plummeted.

► By early 2010 demographically appropriate “frugal” consumer habits had emerged, reducing discretionary spending in favor of increased personal savings (or the paying down of debt).

The two reversals described above can be clearly seen in a chart of our trailing 183-day “two consecutive quarters” index — which is designed to closely follow the “two consecutive quarters” definition of a recession — for the past 48 months:

Chart
(Click on chart for fuller resolution)

Credit the growth spurt in the middle of the above chart to a combination of dropping energy prices, consumer shopping reverting to form after a brief hiatus, positive psyches as a result of a honeymoon with the new administration, and the consumer oriented parts of the stimulus packages. All that changed when consumers realized (in late 2009) that things were not actually getting any better.

But missing from the above narrative is the potential permanence of the damage inflicted on certain consumers. Those consumers living through foreclosures will have suffered lifestyle and financial reversals that may require a decade or longer to rehabilitate. And even those fortunate enough to stay current with their mortgages may have had their dreams of upward mobility (or mobility of any sort) crushed. In both of these cases the damage will have caused changes in habits (the “new frugality”) that could last decades, if not the rest of their lives. The “Great Depression” of the 1930′s changed an entire generation’s attitudes about banks and spending permanently. While this economic strife may not be as severe, the emotional scars may persist longer than policy makers might wish.

Also absent from the above narrative is the impact of the Federal Reserve’s extended “zero rate” policy on those attempting to live on a lifetime’s modest accumulation of wealth. On Wall Street and inside the Beltway there are no perceived victims of low interest rates, because low rates result in obscene spreads between the real cost of institutional borrowing (essentially zero) and the real rate of consumer lending (18% to 24% on real-world short term loans). Meanwhile every barrier possible has been raised to prevent those lower rates from propagating to those most in need of longer term relief.

Lost on the policy makers is the fact that what’s good for banks is not necessarily good for their depositors. Simply stated, it has become impossible to live on the earnings generated by a lifetime of middle class savings. In June 2007 an accumulation of $2,000,000 in an IRA or 401K would translate into $100,000 in annual income when invested in 1 year T-Bills, an annual income higher than the per capita income in any of the richest nations on earth. That was certainly a reasonable target for a middle class household, and one that would allow a comfortable retirement without significant changes in lifestyle.

Today the same $2,000,000 (if it was somehow preserved throughout the “Great Recession”) would earn $4,200 per annum if invested similarly — or roughly the per capita income in the Republic of the Congo. No wonder that many “Baby Boomers” are increasing savings and postponing retirement to the chagrin of younger people desperately looking for jobs; the alternative is a third-world lifestyle.

Guest

This story is authored by a guest and its content is not necessarily endorsed by Pragmatic Capitalism nor are its views representative of other authors on this site.

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Comments

    • What? Make up jobs? That is utter rubbish and ridiculous.This isn’t communism pal. That doesn’t work. It never has and never will and will add MORE to the CRUSHING debt bomb about to explode and destroy the U.S. economy. . The U.S. needs to CUT the horrendous government waste and stop the oppressive tax slavery.

      • Tex,

        What exactly will tax cuts accomplish? Will it make corporations invest more money? They can already get free money. So you’ll just be giving most of your money away to rich people who will spend it on themselves buying luxury yachts and whatnot. You really think that’ll get you where you want to go? Think again. Or, rather, you don’t have to think. Just look at the record of the Bush tax cuts and economic growth. The facts speak for themselves.

        You say tax slavery. I say debt slavery. The American people owe far more to banks for inflated houses than any tax burden on them. And what do they get for it? Nada!

        Your formula won’t accomplish much, since there is no demand growth. Firing more teachers, cops, and firefighters won’t get you to Houston. We need real demand growth. We also happen to need infrastructure to make this a competitive country. If you leave that state of yours ever and travel to other parts of the world, you’ll realize that the pick-up truck is an outmoded technology. We need high-speed rail and energy efficiency so we stop throwing our money away on oil.

  1. Very well done. I would like to see an update of the 2010 chart after the year is over. Your chart confirmed some hunches of mine. I have been self-employed for almost 20 years. My cash flow skyrocketed in 2003-2005. 2006 was pretty good too. Starting with 2007 through this year, my income has dropped each year. Consumers are clearly tapped out. I gave up about two years ago and defaulted on all my credit cards. I started working out settlements with them in late 2009. My main expenditure this year has been debt repayment. I’m definitely part of the “problem.” I saw the handwriting on the wall and realized it was all pointless. I could have filed for bankruptcy, but I can afford to pay at least some of my debts.

    Bankruptcies are expected to reach 1.5 million this year. Many people that I know have lost their homes to foreclosure. What’s amazing to me is how many of these people have made no mortgage payments or rent payments for over a year, and yet they are still broke. One just recently lost her house that was in her family for over 40 years. They offered her $3,000 cash for keys to be out in 45 days. She is wondering if that will be enough for a deposit on an apartment. I wonder what she has been doing with her money all this time that she has not paid her mortgage.

    The problem in our society is that people really don’t get it. They cling to this idea that things are going to change. I know many people who are holding on to their houses hoping that the market will recover. They are surprised when I tell them that it might go up a little bit, but when you’ve lost hundreds of thousands of dollars of equity, it’s not coming back any time soon. I am really concerned for the average person who refuses to change their lifestyle. It’s really quite shocking to me. I don’t understand it.

    • and we wonder why she had a mortgage on a property in her family for 40 years and what happened to the money she borrowed on it.

      but then we know the answer to both—- spent on temporary gratifices…….cruises,dinners,shoes still in boxes…….

      legions of people brainwashed to believe “things” can make you happy……and never taught the consequences of actions……the “new normal” way worse than El-Erian’s